1. Prague Castle (Pražský hrad)

GPS 50°5‘27.5“N, 14°24‘2.7“E

Since the 9th century the seat of Czech princes, kings and presidents. The building and reconstruction works of this large complex has taken over a thousand years. The building styles range from the Romanesque to the neo­‑Gothic. The St. Vitus, Wenceslas and Adalbert Cathedral is the dominant landmark of the Castle. This high Gothic work by architect P. Parléř dates from the second half of the 14th century. The complex houses art galleries and museums.  

2. Charles Bridge (Karlův most)

GPS 50°5‘11.6“N, 14°24‘37.9“E

The oldest Prague Gothic bridge is also one of the oldest in Europe. The 516 meter­‑long and 10 meter­‑wide bridge with 16 arches was ordered by emperor Charles IV and constructed by the workshop of P. Parléř between 1357 and the beginning of the 15th century. A gallery of 30 sculptures of saints (17th–20th century) lines both sides of the bridge; the most valuable sculptures date from the high Baroque epoch. Towers guard both ends of the bridge.  

3. Old Town Square (Staroměstské náměstí)

GPS 50°5‘15.1“N, 14°25‘16.1“E

The oldest square in Prague. The Old Town Hall was founded in the first half of the 14th century, the tower houses the famous Old Town astronomical clock (1410). The Baroque Church of St. Nicholas by K. I. Dienzenhofer (1732–35), the Týn Church (Church of Our Lady before Týn) was constructed between 1350 and 1511.

4. Jewish Town - Josefov (Židovské Město – Josefov)

GPS 50°5‘23.8“N, 14°25‘6.1“E

Founded back in the 13th century, the Prague Jewish Town today represents the best-preserved complex of Jewish historical monuments to be found in the whole of Europe. The Old Jewish cemetery (Starý židovský hřbitov) was established in the mid-15th century, it served as a burial site till 1787. Among 12 000 gothic, renaisance and baroque tombstones are also those of Rabbi Jehuda Löw (1609) and Mordechai Maisel (1601). Around the cemetery – Ceremonial Hall (Obřadní síň 1911–12 was built in pseudo-Romanesque style), Klausen Synagogue (Klausová syn - the largest synagogue of the Prague ghetto), Pinkas synagogue (Pinkasova syn. - the Memorial to Czech and Moravian Jews who were victims of Nazi persecution – the 80,000 names of Czech and Moravian Jews who perished under the Nazis were hand-written on the walls). Old-new synagogue (Staronová syn.) – perhaps the oldest preserved synagogue in Europe; 1270-80), the most valuable monument of the Jewish Quarter (Židovské Město) and one of the oldest Gothic buildings in Prague. Allegedly, the legendary Golem once rested in its basements. Maisel Synagogue (Maiselova syn. - 1590–1592, the original Renaissance building was seriously damaged by fire in 1689, and over the years the building has undergone a number of modifications), Spanish Synagogue (Španělská syn. - was built in 1868 in Moorish style). Information and Reservation Centre in Maiselova Street 15.  

6. Prague Bambino - Church of Our Lady of Victory (Pražské Jezulátko – Kostel P. Marie Vítězné)

GPS 50°5‘8.6“N, 14°24‘13.3“E

An Early Baroque building from the year 1611. The church is world­‑famous thanks to the wax statue of the Prague Bambino­‑Infant Jesus wax figure (of the Spanish origin), which was presented to the church by Polyxena of Lobkowicz (1628).  

7. The Church of St. Nicholas (Kostel sv. Mikuláše)

GPS 50°5‘16.7“N, 14°24‘11.6“E

The most beautiful and well­‑known example of the Prague Baroque with a dominant cupola and belfry was built by the Dienzenhofer family between 1704 and 1756. The dome boasts a large fresco (75m2, F. X. Palko, 1752) – ‘Tribute of Angels and St. Cecilia’.  

8. Petřín View Tower (Petřínská rozhledna)

GPS 50°5‘0.7“N, 14°23‘42.3“E

Reduced copy of the Eiffel Tower (60 m high) built in 1891 on the occasion of the Jubilee Exhibition. 299steps lead up to the top platform. Next to the tower is the Mirror Maze and the Observatory.  

9. National Theatre (Národní divadlo)

GPS 50°4‘51.3“N, 14°24‘48.7“E

The neo­‑Renaissance building of the National Theatre was designed by of J. Zítek between 1868 and 1881, reconstructed by J. Schulz following a fire in 1881 and reopened in 1883. It boasts rich interior decorations.   

10. Municipal House (Obecní dům)

GPS 50°5‘16.3“N, 14°25‘40.99“E

Municipal House of Prague, the most significant example of the Czech Art Nouveau (1905–12). Its architects, A. Balšánek and O. Polívka, combined the neo­‑Baroque and Art Nouveau styles.  

11. Dancing House (Tančící dům)

GPS 50°5‘16.3“N, 14°25‘40.99“E

The Dancing house was built in the years 1992–96 according to the project from Vlado Milunic and Frank O. Gehry. This building is named this way because of the towers reminding of the famous dancers Ginger Rogers and Fred Astair.  

12. National Museum (Národní muzeum)

GPS 50°4‘44.4“N, 14°25‘51.4“E

National Museum (1885–90) designed by architect J. Schulz houses rich collections. Particularly famous is the geology­‑palaeontology collection established by J. Barrande. The main building is closed up to 2018 (reconstruction). 

13. Prague State Opera (Státní opera Praha)

GPS 50°4‘50.1“N, 14°25‘58.7“E

Neorenaissance building. Opera and ballet. The theatre was originally founded in 1888 as the New German Theatre.  

14. Prague Exhibition Grounds (Výstaviště Praha)

GPS 50°6‘24.4“N, 14°25‘48.1“E

The Industrial Palace is one of the most valuable art­‑nouveau historical monuments in Prague. The Křižík‘s Light Fountain is an European rarity with water shows, music and colours.  

15. National Gallery - Trade Fair Palace (Národní galerie – Veletržní palác)

GPS 50°6‘4.5“N, 14°25‘56.3“E

Permanent exhibition: 20th and 21st Century Art. Czech and foreign graphic art in the continuity of the last two centuries.  

16. Estates' Theatre (Stavovské divadlo)

GPS 50°6‘24.4“N, 14°25‘48.1“E

This neo­‑classical building witnessed Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart conducting the world première of his opera Don Giovanni. Opera, drama.  

17. Emmaus (Emauzy)

GPS 50°4‘19.7“N, 14°25‘3.3“E

The convent was founded by Charles IV. in 1347–72. During his reign the convent was a centre of Slavic literature.  

18. Loreto (Loreta)

GPS 50°5‘21.3“N, 14°23‘30.0“E

Its core is the early Baroque copy of the Santa Casa of the Italian Loreto with richly decorated walls (G. B. Orsi). It now houses the Treasury with the Loreto Jewels. A Baroque clock tower with a carillon with 27 bells.  

19. Royal Summer House (Královský letohrádek)

GPS 50°5‘37.1“N, 14°24‘19.1“E

The Royal Summer House (Belvedér), the work by della Stella and B. Wohlmut (1538–63), is considered the purest Renaissance building north of the Alps. Outside the Royals Summer House is a bronze Renaissance Singing Fountain (T. Jaroš).  

20. Vyšehrad

GPS 50°3‘50.4“N, 14°25‘14.2“E

The original hill fort was built on a steep rock above the Vltava in the 10th century. It was later rebuilt into a Gothic castle and converted into a large Barque fort between 1654 and 1678. The Romanesque Rotunda of St. Martin  and the ruin of the St. Lawrence Basilica , both dating from the second half of the 11th century, are the oldest preserved monuments. The Church of St. Peter and St. Paul  dominates the area. It is Romanesque in its core, rebuilt in Gothic and Baroque styles and renovated in the Neo-Gothic style between 1885 and 1903, when the two towers were also added.

CZECH REPUBLIC -The most visited sights:

21. Karlovy Vary
GPS 50.2302N, 12.8676E

The most important Czech spa town with a history going back to the 14th century. The 12 warm mineral springs – the most renowned is the 72,7 degrees hot Vřídlo. The Neo-‑Renaissance Mlýnská (Mill) Colonnade, the wooden Tržní (Market) Colonnade, the new Vřídelní (Hot Spring) Colonnade, the historical buildings in the town date from the 19th century. The International Film Festival.

22. Loket
GPS 50.1869N, 12.7530E

A romantic place dominated by a castle above a large loop of the river Ohře that was founded around 1230. Considered one of the strongest castles in Europe. A famous tradition of porcelain manufacture (since 1815). Some parts of the fortifications as well as Gothic and Renaissance elements in the town houses are preserved.

23. Liberec
GPS 50.7702N, 15.0580E

The capital of the region lies in a basin between the Ještěd ridge and the Jizerské Mountains. One of the main symbols of the town is the 1,012 metre high Mount Ještěd. One of the most frequently visited sights is the Zoological Garden which (1919) and is the oldest zoo in CR, and also the Botanical Garden.

24. Trosky
GPS 50.5166N, 15.2305E

Quite an unusual sight, the ruins of a castle perched on two basalt rocks are symbol of the sought after area of the Bohemian Paradise (other destinations are the sandstone Prachovské skály, picturesque area of Hrubá Skála, the best preserved Gothic Castle Kost, romantic area of Malá Skála etc.).

25. Plzeň
GPS 49.7482N, 13.3774E

A metropolis of the West Bohemia famous for its quality beer (Prazdroj, Gambrinus) as well as interesting monuments (the Synagogue from 1892 is the third biggest in the world, Renaissance town hall, ZOO). The Gothic Cathedral of St. Bartholomew with its 102 metre-‑high tower (the highest in the Czech Republic)and the mysterious Gothic underground areas with cellars that are three storeys high in some places are remarkable.

26. Domažlice
GPS 49.4401N, 12.9305E

The centre of Chodsko region. Chodský castle from the 13th century with the cylindric tower, the Gothic Church of the Birth of Our Lady from the 13th century with inclined tower (60 cm), Baroque Augustinian monastery. From the original fortification the Gothic Dolní brána (Lower Gate) is preserved. The Gothic and Renaissance houses with the arcades and Baroque gables, the Gothic Church of All Saints from the 14th century, Baroque bailiff's house of Chodsko.

27. Kutná Hora
GPS 49.9484N, 15.2682E

The former royal mining town, benefiting from the rich silver mines, it once was the second most important town after Prague and it is on the UNESCO's World Heritage List today. Among the most important buildings are the Cathedral of St. Barbara dating from the 14th century, Vlašský dvůr (former mint) from the 14th century, and from the civil architecture the so‑called 15th century Kamenný (Stone) House. The Cathedral of Our Lady in Sedlec.

28. Karlštejn
GPS 49.9391N, 14.1883E

The best-known and most visited Czech castle founded as the storing place for the imperial jewels by the king and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire Charles IV. between 1348 and 1357. Extremely valuable interiors (Chapel of St. Cross).

29. Český Krumlov
GPS 48.8128N, 14.3171E

A picturesque town in the foothills of Šumava Mountains, included in the UNESCO's World Heritage List. Originally a 13th century Gothic castle was rebuilt into a Renaissance chateau. The remains of the fortification are interesting and also the characteristic quarter Latrán dating from the 13th century, originally a craft and trade centre. The originally Early Gothic Church of St. Vitus is valuable as well as the group of Gothic and Renaissance houses.

30. Hluboká nad Vltavou
GPS 49.0506N, 14.4421E

A stately chateau built in the romantic Tudor Gothic style considered the most beautiful Czech residence, the present appearance is from between 1839 and 1871. There is a permanent exhibition of Gothic sculpture and panel painting of South Bohemia in the South-‑Bohemian Art Gallery of Mikoláš Aleš.

31. Holašovice
GPS 48.9708N, 14.2731E

The best known village monument reservation in the Czech Republic included in the UNESCO's World Heritage List. The village green is surrounded by a well-‑preserved group of richly decorated estates built in the so-‑called Rustic Baroque style with vaulted gateways.

32. Pravčická brána
GPS 50.8840N, 14.2814E

The largest 'rock' bridge in the Central Europe (the base is 26 meter wide, the arch is 21 meter high) on the main route going through the picturesque Czech-‑Saxon Switzerland in the North Bohemia. There is also the Tichá (Quiet) Gorge (part of the route can only be done in a boat).

33. Terezín Memorial (Památník Terezín)
GPS 50.5138N, 14.1643E

This late 18th- century fortress was misused by the Nazis during the 2nd World War as a Jewish ghetto and a concentration camp.

34. Hradec Králové
GPS 50.2091N, 15.8313E

An important metropolis of the East Bohemia with remarkable monuments dating from the oldest period (Church of St. Spirit with 40 metre-‑high towers dating from the 14th century) to the modern architecture (the Art Noveau Museum of East Bohemia by J. Kotěra and works by J. Gočár).

35. Dvůr Králové nad Labem
GPS 50.4323N, 15.8139E

The famous ZOO, known especially for its „safari" with open runs for African ungulates. The ZOO was founded in 1946 and today breeds 300 animal species.

36. Litomyšl
GPS 49.8727N, 16.3132E

One of the oldest Czech towns with the most monuments and over a thousand years of tradition, a cultural and education centre, added to the UNESCO's World Heritage List. A Renaissance chateau with beautiful sgraffito decorations built between 1568 and 1582. The world famous music composer Bedřich Smetana (1824–84) was born in the chateau brewery.

37. Žďár nad Sázavou – Zelená hora
GPS 49.5802N, 15.9419E

This cemetery Church of St. John of Nepomuk at Zelená hora close to Žďár nad Sázavou is the remarkable work of J. B. Santini built between 1720–22 in the Baroque Gothic style, included in the UNESCO's World Heritage List.

38. Telč
GPS 49.1843N, 15.4529E

A splendid town, a Renaissance jewel, on the UNESCO's World Heritage List. Gothic and Renaissance houses with cloisters are mainly to be seen on the square of Zachariáš of Hradec. In the corner of the square is a Renaissance chateau with beautiful panel ceilings built on the site of the former Gothic castle.

39. Třebíč
GPS 49.2155N, 15.8800E

The centre of the south‑east part of the Vysočina region, developed at the Benedictines monastery founded in 1101. St. Prokop's basilica and the Jewish Quarter have been UNESCO monuments since 2003.

40. Olomouc
GPS 49.5939N, 17.2516E

The most important Moravian town from a historical aspect with the Premyslid castle and the Cathedral of St. Wenceslas dating from after 1100 and a group of sacred buildings. A pilgrimage Cathedral of Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary is on Svatý Kopeček. The Caesar and Hercules fountains are interesting and the Holy Trinity Column dating from 1754 is the largest Baroque sculpture in the Czech Republic (35 metre high), included in the UNESCO's World Heritage List.

41. Helfštýn
GPS 49.5179N, 17.6283E

The ruins of the largest castle in Moravia (built in 13th century), rebuilt in 14th to 16th century.

42. Brno
GPS 49.1930N, 16.6086E

The second largest city in the Czech Republic and its landmarks include the Medieval Gothic fort and the 1278-built castle Špilberk. The Late Gothic three‑nave Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul in Petrov, Late Gothic Church of St. Jacob with a 92 metre‑high tower, Church of the Annunciation and St. Thomas and others stand out among the sacred buildings. Among the most valuable modern architecture belongs the functionalist Tugendhat villa, the work of a German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, it is included in the UNESCO's World Heritage List. Brno is the ideal base for a trip to Moravian Karst.

43. Moravian karst (Moravský kras)
GPS 49.3721N, 16.7302E

Macocha Abyss – abyss with a crater of 174 x 76 m, total depth of 187.5 m, sightseeing paths. Punkva Caves – stalactite caves formed by the underground Punkva River, boat-sailing as a part of the visitors' tour (1.4 km).

44. Lednice-Valtice Area (Lednicko‑valtický areál)
GPS 48.8003N, 16.8047E

This unique territory in the south of Moravia, UNESCO listed, is the evidence of a well‑balanced harmonic unit. At the edge of this area are the 19th century English Neo-Gothic Lednice chateau and the grandiose Baroque chateau and Church of the Assumption in Valtice. A number of unique buildings are in the gardens of Lednice and in the whole area – Minaret (the most northern building of its type built in the non Islamic countries), Janův Castle (romantic castle imitation), Apollonův chrám (Temple of Apollo), the Three Graces, Diana's Temple, St. Hubert, Rendezvous etc.

45. Slezskoostravský Castle (Slezskoostravský hrad)
GPS 49.8303N, 18.2998E

The original castle guard was founded in the 13th century. Today it serves as the scene for many cultural events and also offers some interesting exhibits. There You can see the castle chapel and a large amphitheater an in summer Shakespeare festivals held there.

46. Dolní Vítkovice Premises and the Hlubina Mine (Areál Dolních Vítkovic a důl Hlubina)
GPS 49.8189N, 18.2800E

This unique piece of engineering is open only since 2007. The monumental complex Deep mine, coke ovens and blast furnaces, steelworks in Ostrava-Vítkovice is a national cultural monument. There You can see mine coal, coking plant and three blast furnace.

47. Kroměříž
GPS 49.2978N, 17.3932E

Called the 'Hanácké Athens', is the historical seat of the bishops and archbishops of Olomouc, and is included in the UNESCO's World Heritage List. A Baroque Archbishop's chateau with an 86 metre‑high tower is the landmark of the town; there is a unique collection of trees and romantic buildings in the Podzámecká Garden. The Renaissance-Early Baroque Květná Garden is unique.

48. Rožnov pod Radhoštěm GPS 49.4579N, 18.1428E

Originally a settlement below a gothic castle, now a ruin on a hill above the town, township bestowed in 1411. The first part of the Wallachian Open-Air Museum was opened in 1925, today the largest in the Czech Republic.